Some of the most common microorganisms that contribute to CIRD are Bordetella bronchiseptica bacteria, canine adenovirus, parainfluenza virus and mycoplasma. Any of these organisms, along with a long list of other less common organisms, can cause .
These two viruses in combination with Bordetella bronchiseptica are the agents most often associated with kennel cough, however, other factors play an important role in disease (e.g. stress, dust, humidity, molds, mycoplasma, etc.), thus kennel cough is not a vaccine preventable disease because of the complex factors associated with this disease.
In general, healthy adult dogs that come into contact with large groups of other dogs should have a Bordetella vaccine annually, and boarding facilities may require a booster within the last six.
Dec 07, 2016 · Bordetella is also referred to as infectious tracheobronchitis. This infection is in the trachea, or windpipe, and the lower respiratory passages, or bronchi. It is an extremely contagious upper respiratory disease that spreads among dogs through the air.Author: Mary Lougee.